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International Dental & Medical Journal of Advanced Research (2015), Vol 1
1.REVIEW ARTICLE
Osseointegration
K. Vinathi Reddy
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–7] [No. of Hits: 1520]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.23

ABSTRACT

Nowadays dental implants have become an important part of patient management, and the treatment of choice in many dental reconstructive cases. The history of implant, its composition, diff erent materials used for its manufacturing is still in a dilemma. This article describes titanium its historical background, diff erent types of implants used before. Per Ingvar Brånemark was the fi rst person who introduced the concept osseointegration. The aim of this paper is to make the clinician aware of the implant designs, materials for predictable success for rehabilitation of many clinical situations.

Keywords Implants, osseointegration, titanium

Received 17 April 2015;
Accepted 19 July 2015

2.REVIEW ARTICLE
Estimation of sample size in dental research
Sandhya Jain, Alpana Gupta, Deshraj Jain
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 10632]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.9

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Sample size determination is an important step while planning a statistical study. The determination of minimum required sample size is extremely important not only for ethical and economic purposes but also to achieve scientifically and statistically sound results. The objective of this article is to emphasize the importance and general principles of sample size calculation for different study designs to produce quality results. This article emphasizes various methods of sample size estimation commonly used in dental research especially formulae method used for simple random sampling. Different formulae are described for comparing different outcome measure (means or proportions) by taking dental data as examples.

Keywords Level of significance, Power, Sample size, Type I error, Type II error

How to cite this article: Jain S, Gupta A, Jain D. Estimation of sample size in dental research. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-6.

Received 16 March 2015;
Accepted 19 April 2015

3.REVIEW ARTICLE
Determination of biocompatibility: A review
B. Swetha, Sylvia Mathew, B. V. Sreenivasa Murthy, N. Shruthi, Shilpa H. Bhandi
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 1982]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.2

ABSTRACT

Toxicity of a material upon placement in patient’s oral cavity triggers the immune system to elucidate an appropriate response. Thus, one of the many fundamental responsibilities bestowed on the dentist is to shield patients from any untoward reaction. A plethora of dental materials is currently available in the market. The material has to advance several tests in order to be safely introduced for clinical practice. This review highlights the spectrum of tests routinely practiced for evaluation of biocompatibility.

Keywords Biocompatibility testing, cytotoxicity, materials testing

How to cite this article: Swetha B, Mathew S, Murthy BV, Shruthi N, Bhandi SH. Determination of biocompatibility: A review. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-6.

4.REVIEW ARTICLE
Approaches to improve access to dental care services
Sakshi Khemka, Sudhindra Baliga, Nilima Thosar,
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–4] [No. of Hits: 4034]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.8

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Dental health contributes to general health, wellness as well as self-esteem and quality-oflife. Cost and fear are routinely cited as the largest barriers to care. Dental health neglect, particularly that of professional dental care is quite widespread in the entire world. The traditional office and clinic-based oral health care delivery system is failing to reach a large segment of the population particularly in the developing nations. It would be useful to understand the factors which infl uence the underutilization of available dental health care services. This would help in designing suitable interventions to reduce dental neglect around the world. The present review article covers similar issues and provides some innovative methods that may help in augmenting the utilization of dental care services.

Keywords Dental care, developing nations, innovative methods

How to cite this article: Khemka S, Baliga S, Thosar N. Approaches to improve access to dental care services. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-4.

5.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
An evaluation of the current oral hygiene practices and attitude toward oral health in the population of Jaipur, India
Ruchi Sharma, Swapnil Singh, Hemlata Rajmani, Heeralal Degra
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 2840]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.7

ABSTRACT

Background: Individual’s concerns and knowledge regarding oral health infl uence the oral health status of a particular person.

Aim: The study was aimed at the evaluation and assessment of the basic attitude and beliefs of the general masses of Jaipur, India, regarding the very basics of oral hygiene and the accompanying routine oral health care practices in conjunction with the advancing modern scenario.

Materials and Methods: A total of 329 individuals aging from 18 to 30 years were randomly selected and interviewed through a structured questionnaire consisting of 13 multiple choice questions regarding their oral hygiene practices and beliefs; with their answers further analyzed for drawing out the results.

Results: The study revealed a lack of knowledge regarding the varied oral hygiene options available among the common masses, though most of them use the basic oral hygiene measures, the first being tooth brushing, being followed by 82.67% of the population. It also revealed their comparative negligence toward oral health as majority of people do not prefer visiting the dentists, unless having some dental emergencies like pain.

Conclusion: Thus there is a need of spreading knowledge about basic and advanced oral health practices, in addition to those being currently used in Jaipur such as the use of mouthwashes, fl oss, etc. Furthermore, emphasis needs to be laid on enlightening the people with the importance of regular comprehensive oral health care through the initiative of general oral health awareness programs.

Keywords Attitude, awareness, Jaipur, oral hygiene practices, oral health, population

How to cite this article: Sharma R, Singh S, Rajmani H, Degra H. An evaluation of the current oral hygiene practices and attitude towards oral health in the population of Jaipur, India. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-6.

6.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of four medicinal plants extracts used as root canal irrigant on Enterococcus faecalis: An in-vitro study
I. N. Radwan, B. Randa, A. N. Hend, G. Camilia
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–8] [No. of Hits: 1513]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.34

ABSTRACT

Aim: Evaluation and comparison of the antimicrobial efficiency of the medicinal plant extracts, when used as root canal irrigants, on single species of Enterococcus faecalis.

Materials and Methods: A comparative bioactivity-guided fractionation of four medicinal plants was carried out using solvents with diff erent polarities (ethanol, hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water). The organism was freshly inoculated in brain-heart infusion broth for 24 h prior to the test, and the inoculum was standardized. Cultures were spread over the surface of the plate, and wells were punched out in every plate. Each well was inoculated by each extract and incubated for 24 h and the zone of inhibition around each well was recorded. A total of 50 extracted human single rooted teeth were disinfected decapitated and prepared, then divided into six groups: Group I: Neem leaf extract, Group II: Ginger extract, Group III: Miswak extract, Group IV: Lemon solution, Group V: NaOCl 5.25% (+ve control), and Group IV: Saline (-ve control). Each root canal was completely filled with bacterial suspension and incubated at 37°C for 24 h, then completely filled with one of the medicinal plants extract according to each group. Root specimens were then incubated for 24 h at 37°C. The root canals were sampled, and the samples were contained and incubated for 24 h at 37°C. The colony forming units (CFU) were calculated. Data presented as mean and standard deviation values. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)was used for comparisons between more than two groups. Tukey’s post-hoc test was used for pair-wise comparison between the groups when ANOVA test was significant.

Results: NaOCl 5.25% showed significantly less CFU/ml count, when compared with all tested plant extracts (P < 0.001). This was followed by fresh lemon solution which showed significantly less CFU/ml count when compared with all of the other tested plant extracts. Butanol fraction of ginger showed significantly less CFU/ml count than ethyl acetate fraction of miswak and neem.

Conclusions: Medicinal herbs may off er a new source of antibacterial agents for use; medicinal plants are natural antimicrobial agents and might be used in the development of a promising irrigants, which might be safer than other chemical compounds used in the endodontic treatment process.

Keywords Antimicrobial agents, Enterococcus faecalis, plants extract, root canal irrigant

How to cite this article: Radwan IN, Randa B, Hend AN, Camilia G. Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of four medicinal plants extracts used as root canal irrigant on Enterococcus faecalis: An in-vitro study. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1: 1-8

7.SHORT COMMUNICATION
Relevance of statistical and clinical significance in dental research
Sandhya Jain, Prateek R. Punyani1, Deshraj Jain, Sandesh Jain
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–3] [No. of Hits: 1466]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.16

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Tests of statistical significance do not provide information about the clinical significance of research results. It is of utmost importance for a researcher to not only know the statistical significance of the difference, but also the magnitude of the difference and whether it is clinically significant or not. Results might be statistically significant yet it may not have some clinical relevance and vice versa. The concept of clinical significance has received little discussion or debate in the dental literature. The purpose of this paper was to compare statistical and clinical significance, to provide an overview of the two, and to discuss some implications of these concepts for dental research with the help of some suitable examples.

Keywords Clinical significance, effect size, statistical significance

How to cite this article: Jain S, Punyani PR, Jain D. Relevance of statistical and clinical significance in dental research. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-3.

Received 04 April 2015;
Accepted 10 May 2015

8.REVIEW ARTICLE
Oral pigmentation
Harjit Kaur, Sanjeev Jain, Gaurav Mahajan, Divya Saxena
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–7] [No. of Hits: 1697]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.20

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Change in color of oral mucosa reflects the underlying health status, which is either local or systemic. This color change is due to pigmentation, which may be physiological or pathological. Pigmentation in pathological conditions range from localized anomalies of to potentially life-threatening conditions. Since the dental professionals encounter a number of pigmented lesions in the oral cavity, it is important to have a comprehensive knowledge about their etiology, clinical manifestations, and their management. In the following review various pigmentations of the oral cavity are discussed.

Keywords Endogenous pigmentation, Exogenous pigmentation, Melanogenesis, Melanin, Oral pigmentation

How to cite this article: Kaur H, Jain S, Mahajan G, Saxena D. Oral pigmentation. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1-7.

Received 20 March 2015;
Accepted 15 May 2015

9.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Libyan general dentists’ knowledge of dental trauma management
Marwa Hatem, Elsanousi M. Taher
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 1409]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.28

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Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the level of Libyan general dental practitioners’ knowledge about the current guidelines of dental trauma management. In addition, association between knowledge of recommended treatment modalities and demographic data of participants was evaluated.

Materials and Methods: A two-part questionnaire containing questions on demographic data and 12 multiple choice questions on dental trauma management was distributed among a total of 233 dentists in Benghazi and Tripoli. The survey data were analyzed using the Pearson Chi-square test at P < 0.05 level of confidence. In addition, mean knowledge scores were calculated, and one-way ANOVA was used to determine the association between knowledge scores and demographic data of participants.

Results: Questionnaires were returned by 157 dentists. However, this study only reports on the 144 general dental practitioners who comprised (91.7%) of participants. Dentists who had previous experience in dental trauma had significantly higher mean knowledge scores (P = 0.000).in contrast, there was a poor correlation between mean knowledge scores and dentists’ gender, years since graduation or postgraduate dental trauma courses.

Conclusion: There is a need to improve the knowledge base of general dental practitioners in the current guidelines for the emergency management of traumatic dental injuries.

Keywords Dental trauma, dentists, knowledge, traumatic dental injuries

How to cite this article: Hatem M, Taher EM. Libyan general dentists’ knowledge of dental trauma management. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-6.

Received 25 August 2015;
Accepted 25 September 2015

10.REVIEW ARTICLE
Basics of interpreting results
Sandhya Jain, Sandesh Jain, Prateek R. Punyani, Deshraj Jain
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–4] [No. of Hits: 2447]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.26

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The correct interpretation of research results is of paramount importance to know the effectiveness of the study. Researchers should describe the result clearly, and in a way that other researchers can compare them with their own results. For correct interpretation of results, sound knowledge of research methodology and statistics is needed. Results should be analyzed using appropriate statistical methods to try to determine the probability that they may have been by chance, and may not be replicable in larger studies. Results need to be interpreted in an objective and critical way, before assessing their implications and drawing conclusions. The aim of the present review was to highlight the basic points to be kept in mind by the researcher while interpreting the results of a research paper.

Keywords Bias, confidence interval, hypothesis testing, level of significance, research methodology, sample design

How to cite this article: Jain S, Jain S, Punyani PR, Jain D. Basics of interpreting results. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-4.

Received 27 May 2015;
Accepted 15 July 2015

11.REVIEW ARTICLE
Cone beam computed tomography: Adding three dimensions to endodontics
Swarooparani Patil, B. S. Keshava Prasad, K. Shashikala
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 3182]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.27

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The need for evaluating the structures in three dimensions led to the revolutionary invention of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). CBCT had found its application in various regions of dentistry. The literature demonstrates the use of CBCT for specific endodontic applications. The purpose of this article is to review the history and evolution of CBCT, its advantages over conventional radiography and to discuss the literature validating its application in endodontics.

Keywords Cone beam computed tomography, effective dose, field of view

How to cite this article: Patil S, Keshava Prasad BS, Shashikala K. Cone beam computed tomography: Adding three dimensions to endodontics. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-6.

Received 27 August 2015
Accepted 29 September 2015

12.SHORT COMMUNICATION
Management of open apex with mineral trioxide aggregate-2 case reports
Shruthi H. Attavar, Prasannalatha Nadig, I. Sujatha
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–4] [No. of Hits: 1655]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.12

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The permanent teeth with open apex and large periapical lesion are diffi cult to treat as a traditional root canal procedure, therefore calcium hydroxide place an important role in reducing the periapical inflammation. Management of open apex can be done using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) which can be placed in apical 3-4 mm. The case reports present two cases with traumatized upper anterior teeth. The radiographic evaluation revealed open apices with blunderbuss canals, the canal was cleaned using intracanal instruments and 5.25% NaOCl and fi nal irrigation with 2% chlorhexidine. To obtain canal disinfection slurry of calcium hydroxide was temporized in the canal. In subsequent appointments, 3-4 mm was created with MTA and allowed to set. Subsequently, the root canals were obturated. A positive clinical resolution of this case is encouraging for the use of white MTA as an apical plug, in immature teeth with open apex.

Keywords Intra canal rehabilitation, Mineral trioxide aggregate, Open apex

How to cite this article: Attavar SH, Nadig P, Sujatha I. Management of open apex with mineral trioxide aggregate-2 case reports. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-4.

Received 15 January 2015;
Accepted 18 April 2015

13.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Prevalence of orofacial pain perception in dental teaching hospital-Karachi
Talha M. Siddiqui, Aisha Wali, Zubairuddin Ahmad, Sabih Merchant, Fatima Ahmed
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 4928]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.10

ABSTRACT

Background: Pain is defined as an obnoxious subjective and multifaceted phenomenon associated with significant discomfort with potential tissue damage and is one of the most common symptoms of orodental diseases. Orofacial pain is a term that consists of different manifestations of pain in the facial region and oral cavity. Facial pain includes the type of pain whose origin is below the orbitomeatal line, above the neck and infront of the ears, while the oral pain arises from the structures within the oral cavity.

Materials and Methods: The study was approved by the Ethical Committee, Baqai Medical University. A simple random sampling technique was employed and a total of 700 patients were seen at the Outpatient Department of Operative Dentistry, Baqai Dental College. Of them, 300 patients complained of orofacial pain. Data were analyzed using SPSS 19. Descriptive statistics (frequency and percentages) were obtained. Association between pain perception with different age groups were obtained by using Chi-square test (P = 0.05).

Results: Regarding site of pain the commonest site was found to be the lower jaw. 55 (58.5%) of the patients in the age group of 15-25 years complaint of pain in lower jaw. 33 (35.1%) of the patients presented with orofacial pain presentation on the same day. 38 (40.4%) of the patients of 15-25 years old complained of dull pain. Regarding selfmedication taken because of pain 20 (23.3%) of the patients in the age group of 26- 35 years of age were on ansaid followed by 16 (17%) of the patients in 15-25 years age group taking paracetamol, Synflex by 3 (3.2%)of the patients in the age group of 15- 25 years old.

Conclusion: The present study concluded that orofacial pain was common in the study population of age group of 15-25 years old. Therefore, there is a urgent need to educate patients providing them better health care facilities.

Keywords Epidemiology, Orofacial pain, Prevalence

How to cite this article: Siddiqui TM, Wali A, Ahmad Z, Merchant S, Ahmed F. Prevalence of orofacial pain perception in dental teaching hospital-Karachi. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-6.

Received 09 March 2015;
Accepted 12 April 2015

14.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluating the properties of two herbal mouthwashes and their effect on total leukocyte count after Phase I therapy
Monica Lamba, Aditya Sinha, K. D. Jithendra, Amrinder Singh, Ashish Singh
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 1367]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.15

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Periodontal diseases are among the most common infectious diseases affecting human kind and can lead to destruction of the periodontal ligament, cementum, gingiva and alveolar bone. Plaque is the main etiological cause for gingival inflammation. Since a greater part of population is not able to perform plaque control effectively, the onus lies on the dental health care provider to impart the correct knowledge about the oral hygiene aids and adjunctive use of various plaque control agents.

Materials and Methods: A total of 60 patients aged between 30 to 45 years with chronic generalized periodontitis with previously untreated periodontitis were recruited from the Department of Periodontics and oral Implantology, K.D. dental college and hospital, Mathura, India.
Scaling and root planning was done in single sitting for all the groups. Clinical parameters; Silness and Loe plaque index, Loe and Silness gingival index and Russell’s periodontal index were recorded at pretreatment/baseline, at 2 weeks, 3 weeks and 4 weeks after SRP. Blood was collected from median cubital vein in vacutainer and was send to laboratory and TLC was measured at baseline and after 4 weeks of Phase I therapy.

Study groups: Group I: 20 patients given commercially available preformulated Colgate plax Green Tea mouthwash
Group II: 20 patients given commercially available preformulated Colgate plax Mint mouthwash
Group III: 20 patients given saline rinse

Result: 60 adult patients with previously untreated chronic generalized periodontitis were selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criterias. After the statistical analysis using paired t test there was significant reduction in the plaque score was observed with both the mouthwashes but to a greater extent in patients who used green tea mouthwash for one month.

Conclusion: Herbal mouthwashes are valuable in the treatment of periodontal diseases by reducing the inflammation. The present study suggest that there is a significant reduction seen in the plaque, gingival & periodontal scores with both the mouthwashes but green tea mouthwash proved to be more beneficial than mint mouthwash with modest reduction in the TLC count.Herbal products have shown promising results with minimal side effects.

Keywords Green tea, Mint, Periodontitis

How to cite this article: Lamba M, Sinha A, Jithendra KD, Singh A, Singh A. Evaluating the properties of two herbal mouthwashes and their effect on total leukocyte count after Phase I therapy. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015; 1:1-5.

Received 02 March 2015;
Accepted 30 April 2015

15.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
The importance of dentin collagen fibrils on the marginal sealing of adhesive restorations: An in vitro study
V. Mohanbabu, Kundabala Mala, K. Indra Priyadharshini
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 1858]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.1

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study is aimed to evaluate the importance of collagen fibrils in the adhesion of diff erent self-etching adhesive materials to dentin.

Methods: Sixty Class V restorations were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 30 recently extracted human premolars, with the cervical margins in dentin and the occlusal margins in enamel. These restorations were distributed to three groups of 20 cavities each based on the employed adhesive system used: Group A: G-Bond (GC, Corporation Tokyo, Japan); Group B: Xeno V (Dentsply Caulk Milford, DE, USA); Group C: Adper Easy One (3M/ESPE). Each group was subdivided according to dentin treatment: Subgroup 1 - manufacturer’s adhesive protocol and Subgroup 2 - Removal of the collagens fibers (total etch + sodium hypochlorite 5% for 2 min) + adhesive protocol. After the restorations, the teeth were subjected to thermal cycling, washing and scoring according to dye penetration. Dye penetration was evaluated using steriomicroscope.

Results: When the dentin microleakage scores were compared in subgroups A1VsA2, B1VsB2 and C1VsC2, then Mann–Whitney test revealed significant diff erences between Subgroup A1 and Subgroup A2 (P < 5%). There was no significant diff erence in Groups B and C.

Conclusion: The results revealed that the collagen fibrils are not required for adhesion, and their removal improves the marginal seal of G-Bond, an acetone based dentin bonding system.

Keywords Adhesion, collagen fibril, NaOCl, solvent

How to cite this article: Mohanbabu V, Mala K, Priyadharshini IK. The importance of dentin collagen fibrils on the marginal sealing of adhesive restorations: An in vitro study. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-5.

16.REVIEW ARTICLE
Space regainers in pediatric dentistry
Pratiksha Chandak, Sudhindra Baliga, Nilima Thosar
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 43601]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.11

ABSTRACT

Premature loss of deciduous teeth due to caries or any other iatrogenic factors prevents development of normal occlusal relationship. In interceptive orthodontics, the severity of developing malocclusion and complex orthodontic treatments are minimized or reduced which further may help in reducing the overall treatment time. In the recent era, for successful resolution of space discrepancies, various interceptive measures involving non-extraction approaches were satisfactory. This article is an overview which depicts a range of space regaining appliances used to overcome or reduce space discrepancies.

Keywords Interceptive orthodontics, Premature loss of deciduous teeth, Space regainers

How to cite this article: Chandak P, Baliga S, Thosar N. Space regainers in pediatric dentistry. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-5.

Received 16 March 2015
Accepted 21 April 2015

17.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Mucoceles of the oral cavity in Indian pediatric patients: A retrospective study
N. B. Nagaveni, Meghna Bajaj, Siddhant Pathak, Arekal Suresh Shruthi, P. Poornima
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 2497]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.13

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The objective was to present 13 mucoceles in 13 Indian children and describe their clinical characteristics, etiology, site of occurrence, and treatment given.

Methods: A retrospective study of 13 pediatric patients who reported the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, India between 2012 and 2014 was carried out. The study included the clinical data like age and gender of the children, the history and chief complaints, etiology, the clinical appearance and location of mucoceles, and treatment given.

Results: A total of 13 mucoceles were found in 13 patients. There was a significant gender predilection (10 females, 3 males). 11 mucoceles were located in the lower lip and 2 on buccal mucosa. In majority cases, there was no definite cause for the occurrence. In 3 patients, history of chronic trauma from either lip or cheek biting habit was recorded and in one patient obstruction from tooth was observed. In two patients, the mucoceles were of bluish red in color and remaining cases appeared pale red in color. In two patients, the treatment done was cryosurgery, in one patient it was micro-marsupialization and in remaining 10 patients, surgical excision was carried out.

Conclusions: Mucoceles when it occurs most commonly affects the lower lip with chronic trauma being the most common etiology. As various treatment modalities are available for the management of this lesion knowledge about this is highly essential for well-being of the child patient.

Keywords Cryosurgery, Lasers, Marsupialization, mucocele, Soft tissue lesion, Surgical excision

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Bajaj M, Pathak S, Shruthi AS, Poornima P. Mucoceles of the oral cavity in Indian pediatric patients: A retrospective study. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-5.

Received 27 March 2015;
Accepted 30 April 2015

18.REVIEW ARTICLE
Oro-dental considerations in transplant recipients
Preeti Tomar Bhattacharya, Soumyabrata Sarkar, Rupam Sinha, Tanya Khaitan, Arpita Kabiraj, Soumi Ghanta
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 1358]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.18

ABSTRACT

The modern scenario of ongoing successful organ transplantations has led to such patients presenting to their health care practitioners with oral complaints. Often these complaints are related to oral mucosal lesions or masses, which are either drug-induced or as a consequence of immunosuppression. Oral lesions in transplant recipients need to be identified, diagnosed, and treated efficiently in order to improve the quality of life and sense of well-being in these patients. This review appraises the recognition of plethora of oral problems that can arise in transplant recipients and their appropriate management by an oral physician.

Keywords Immunosuppression, Infections, Malignancy, Transplantation

How to cite this article: Bhattacharya PT, Sarkar S, Sinha R, Khaitan T, Kabiraj A, Ghanta S. Oro-dental considerations in transplant recipients. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015; 1:1-5.

Received 18 April 2015;
Accepted 24 May 2015

19.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Assessment of proximity of impacted mandibular third molar roots to the mandibular canal using intra oral periapical radiography and cone-beam computerized tomography: A comparative study
Pallavi Sinha, Anuradha Pai
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 1970]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.3

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the reliability of five intra oral periapical radiography (IOPAR) radiographic signs, and to compare the reliability of IOPAR with that of cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) for determining the proximity of impacted mandibular third molar and mandibular canal.

Methods: The present study consisted of 50 subjects, in age group of 18-30 years with impacted mandibular third molar visiting the department, Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru. Relationship of impacted mandibular third molar with the mandibular canal was assessed using IOPAR signs and CBCT findings. The 5 radiographic signs i.e. darkening of roots, diversion of canal, narrowing of canal, presence of cortication, and interruption of white line seen on IOPAR, were correlated for the proximity and involvement with CBCT findings for the same.

Results: In this study only 4% (2) subjects showed absence of corticalization on CBCT compared to diff erent radiographic (IOPAR) signs in all subjects. Among these two subjects diagnosed with an absence of corticalization, 50% (1) presented with a radiographic sign of darkening of roots and both i.e. 100% (2) presented interruption of white lines on IOPAR the mean and SD values of distance from mandibular third molar root to mandibular canal were 2.25 and 1.48 respectively in CBCT.

Conclusion: This study showed the poor reliability of radiographic signs of IOPAR predicting the proximity of mandibular third molar root with mandibular canal related to CBCT finding. This creates the controversy and questions regarding the radiographic signs of IOPAR reliability with CBCT findings that was found far more precise and accurate as per for future prospects.

Keywords Cone-beam computerized tomography, intra oral periapical radiography, inferior alveolar nerve

How to cite this article: Sinha P, Pai A. Assessment of proximity of impacted mandibular third molar roots to mandibular canal using intra oral periapical radiography and cone-beam computerized tomography: A comparative study. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-5.

20.LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Neumann’s tumor in newborn: Report of a rare case
N. B. Nagaveni, M. Manoharan, P. Poornima
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1] [No. of Hits: 1807]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.4

ABSTRACT

Dear Editor,
A 6-month-old male, healthy baby brought along with their parents to our department complaining of soft tissue mass in the upper anterior region of the alveolar ridge [Figure 1]. History revealed that the swelling was of pea nut size when the baby was born and gradually increased to reach the present size. There was no history of ulceration, bleeding, pain or pus discharge associated with the swelling. Pregnancy and delivery were uneventful. Mother complained that there was a problem with feeding due to a huge mass of the soft tissue. Intra oral examination showed a single, large, irregular, pendunculated, pinkish white, firm, soft tissue growth with rough outer surface attached to the upper anterior part of the alveolar ridge at the canine region. The swelling measured about 12 mm × 10 mm in diameter and was fibrous in consistency. A clinical diagnosis of soft tissue benign tumor was made, and surgical excision was planned as it caused discomfort to the baby.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Manoharan M, Poornima P. Neumann’s tumour in newborn: Report of a rare case. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1.

21.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparative evaluation of pain perception by vibrating needle (VibrajectTM) and conventional syringe anesthesia during various dental procedures in pediatric patients: A short study
Kalpna Chaudhry, Manisha Shishodia, Chanchal Singh, Avantika tuli
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 1792]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.5

ABSTRACT

Background: One of the most important and challenging aspects of behavior management in children during dental treatment is pain control. Fear related behavior has long been recognized as the most difficult aspect of patient management and can be a barrier to good care. Administration of local anesthesia may evoke anxiety not only in the patients but also in the clinicians. Although local anesthesia is most commonly used for pain control in dentistry, researches are going to seek new and better means of managing pain. In this study, we have used a newer vibration device named VibrajectTM to give painless anesthesia.

Materials and Methods: 20 children aged between 8 and 14 years, visited the Department of Pedodontics, K.D. Dental College and Hospital, Mathura, for some dental treatment were selected. In the first appointment, local anesthesia using a conventional syringe was administered. The procedure was repeated with VibrajectTM on the opposite side of the same dental arch on the subsequent visit. The child side of the same dewas assessed through visual analog scale (VAS) and faces pain rating scale (FRS) for both the techniques. Various physiological parameters were also assessed and compared between conventional and vibrating injection techniques.

Results: A statistically significant difference in VAS and FRS was found between the two techniques whereas when physiological parameters (heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature) were compared at various intervals, the difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Vibraject provides less pain while giving local anesthetic injections in comparison to the conventional injection technique in clinical dental procedures.

Keywords Gate control theory, pain rating scales, vibraject

How to cite this article: Chaudhry K, Shishodia M, Singh C, Tuli A. Comparative evaluation of pain perception by vibrating needle (VibrajectTM) and conventional syringe anesthesia during various dental procedures in pediatric patients: A short study. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-5.

22.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Relationship between patient’s education level and knowledge on oral health preventive measures
Ana Paula Martins Gomes, Eduardo Galera da Silva, Simone Helena Ferreira Gonçalves, Maria Filomena Rocha Lima Huhtala, Frederico Canato Martinho, Sérgio Eduardo de Paiva Gonçalves, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–7] [No. of Hits: 2241]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.6

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental caries and periodontal disease are admittedly the most common oral diseases and are one of the main oral health problems, affecting the quality of life of the individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate patient’s education level and knowledge on dental treatment of caries/periodontal disease and oral hygiene through a specific questionnaire.

Materials and Methods: A group of 600 adults aged between 18 and 80 years old were evaluated. After the evaluation of the answers given, the participants in the survey were instructed regarding the main oral health preventive measures. The obtained data were submitted to descriptive statistical analysis.

Results: The results showed that 59% of the patients were female at age range of 31-40 years-old. The patients with a higher educational level had more previous information about caries, periodontal diseases, and oral health preventive measures. The dentist was pointed out as the person responsible for the oral hygiene instruction for 73.83% of the patients. The lack of oral hygiene were said to be the main factor accounting for both caries and periodontal disease etiology (79.85% and 62.93%, respectively). Pain was the motivating factor for seeing a dentist (44.50) whereas 55.50% of the patients were motivated by a preventive care (routine appointment). Dental floss was used by only 49.50% of the patients and 34.90% that did not use it by saying that it provokes gingival bleeding.

Conclusion:The evaluated patients presented an uneven knowledge level on caries, periodontal disease, and oral hygiene preventive measures. The educational level had a direct influence on both patient’s knowledge and behavior regarding to the main oral diseases. There is the need for a continued instruction on caries and periodontal disease preventive measures, with emphasis on diet role and dental floss use in dental educational programs.

Keywords Dental caries, health education dental, oral health, prevention

How to cite this article: Gomes AP, da Silva EG, Gonçalves SH, Huhtala MF, Martinho FC, Gonçalves SE, Torres CR. Relationship between patient’s education level and knowledge on oral health preventive measures. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-7.

23.REVIEW ARTICLE
The adjunctive use of locally delivered tetracyclines in periodontal therapy: A narrative review of the recent literature
Giuseppe Pio Patianna, Nicola Alberto Valente
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–4] [No. of Hits: 2038]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.14

ABSTRACT

Antibiotics belonging to the category of tetracyclines have been widely used in periodontal therapy due to their scientific characteristics that makes them effective both against the microorganisms responsible of the periodontal disease and against the enzymatic products responsible of the periodontal breakdown. A search of the recent literature (January 2009-December 2014) was conducted in order to make a review of the use of tetracyclines for local use in periodontal therapy. From this review we can infer that the use of local tetracyclines brings significant advantages in periodontal therapy. However, to date, it is not possible to establish guidelines on the use of these agents given the heterogeneity in the protocols used in the various studies and the lack of a consensus Accepted by the scientific community. The local locally delivered tetracyclines is effective in the treatment of periodontal disease when used in addition to the mechanical therapy and is particularly effective in cases of localized acute lesions or individual sites unresponsive to the causal therapy.

Keywords Local antibiotic therapy, Periodontitis, Periodontology

How to cite this article: Patianna GP, Valente NA. The adjunctive use of locally delivered tetracyclines in periodontal therapy: A narrative review of the recent literature. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-4.

Received 29 March 2015;
Accepted 30 April 2015

24.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Post-operative sensitivity of Class I, II amalgam and composite resin restorations: Clinical evaluation in an undergraduate program
Talal Al-Nahlawi, Zaher Altaki, Daniah Abbood
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–4] [No. of Hits: 1591]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.17

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim was to evaluate the post-operative sensitivity (POS) of composite and amalgam restorations performed by 4th and 5th grade undergraduate dental students (under supervision) at Syrian Private University, and determine the possible relationship between POS and restorative material type, preparation depth, and cavity classification.

Materials and Methods: A clinical follow-up was conducted on 137 Class I and II conservative amalgam and composite restorations with varying pulp protection protocols (no liner: Shallow preparations, calcium hydroxide liner [Life]: Moderate depth preparations, calcium hydroxide [Life] with a RMGIC base [Ionoseal]: Deep preparations). USPHS sensitivity evaluation was done after 24 h, 1 week, 1 month, and 2 months.

Results: POS for amalgam restorations (18.1%) was higher than composite restorations (9%) in all periods (P < 0.05). A statistically insignificant higher sensitivity was observed in Class II (16.9%) compared with Class I (13.3%) in all periods (P > 0.05). POS in deep preparations (22.6%) was higher than medium (14.6%) and shallow (8.8%) depth preparations in all periods (P < 0.05). Regardless of restoration type, POS appeared in 36.5% after 1 day and it was decreased till almost disappeared after 2 months.

Conclusions: (1) POS for amalgam restorations was more than composite restorations. (2) Cavity design has no influence over POS. (3) The more the cavity depth, the more the POS. (4) POS decreased within time.

Key words Amalgam restoration, Composite restoration, Post-operative sensitivity

How to cite this article: Al-Nahlawi T, Altaki Z, Abbood D. Post-operative sensitivity of Class I, II amalgam and composite resin restorations: Clinical evaluation in an undergraduate program. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-4.

Received 14 April 2015;
Accepted 16 May 2015

25.REVIEW ARTICLE
Complete dentures in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment
Sangeeta Goyal, Gagandeep Kansal
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–3] [No. of Hits: 1658]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.19

ABSTRACT

Non-communicable diseases including cancer are emerging as major public health problems in India. These diseases are lifestyle related, have a long latent period and needs specialized infrastructure and human resource for treatment. Oral malignancy results in dysfunction and disfigurement of the stomatognathic system. This article aims to study the role of dentist to restore and rehabilitate oral cancer patients to near normal appearance and physiologic function.

Keywords Cancer, Complete dentures, Radiotherapy

How to cite this article: Goyal S, Kansal G. Complete dentures in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-3.

Received 24 April 2015;
Accepted 29 May 2015

26.REVIEW ARTICLE
Foreign body ingestion in a pediatric patient: Report of case and review of ingestion\aspiration incident management
K. B. Roopa, P. Poornima, Sidhant Pathak, Deepti V. Balehosur
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–3] [No. of Hits: 1439]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.21

ABSTRACT

Foreign body, if struck in trachea during ingestion, is a life-threatening emergency situation. Sometimes these aspirated objects stick into larynx causing airway obstruction. Many dental objects have been reported to be ingested such as dental bridges and files. Precautionary measures have to be taken to avoid ingestion or aspiration of foreign bodies especially in children, which are used during dental procedures. The aim of this paper is to describe the accidental ingestion of orthodontic band material used for space maintainer and to draw attention about accidental foreign body ingestion/aspiration and its management.

Keywords Band material, foreign body, management, pediatric patient

How to cite this article: Roopa KB, Poornima P, Pathak S, Balehosur DV. Foreign body ingestion in a pediatric patient: Report of case and review of ingestion\aspiration incident management. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-3.

Received 06 May 2015;
Accepted 09 July 2015

27.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Perception of facial profile and orthodontic treatment outcome - importance of patient’s opinion in treatment plan
Zuber Ahamed Naqvi, Saleem Shaikh, Zameer Pasha
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 1428]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.22

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy in the perception of the own facial profile by subjects and to compare the orthodontist’s perception of attractive profile with those of laypeople and dental students.

Materials and Methods: In this study, 180 subjects (90 dental students and 90 laypeople) from Riyadh province of Saudi Arabia were evaluated by a questionnaire. The questionnaire was designed to find out the most attractive profile among the two groups, the perception of own facial profile and expectations of subjects from orthodontic treatment. The facial profiles of the individuals were evaluated by two clinicians separately. The differences among groups in the perception of the own profile were compared by using Chi-square (χ2) test. Kappa coefficient was used to assess the agreement between the two groups. For all statistical analysis P < 0.05 was set as the significance level.

Results: The most attractive profile perceived by both the groups was Class I, followed by straight profile and least attractive was Class III profile with the protrusive mandible. The diff erence in the profile perception between the clinicians and subjects was statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: The most attractive profile perceived by both the groups was Class I, followed by straight profile dental students were more accurate in the perception of the own profile. The expected profile of patients after orthodontic treatment is not same for all the subjects.

Keywords Facial profile, perception, protrusive

How to cite this article: Naqvi ZA, Shaikh S, Pasha Z. Perception of the facial profile and orthodontic treatment outcome - importance of patient’s opinion in the treatment plan. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-5.

Received 24 April 2015;
Accepted 27 May 2015

28.REVIEW ARTICLE
The genetic basis of craniofacial abnormalities - mechanisms involved: A review
Mohammadi Begum, Navya Muttineni, Arjun Karra
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–3] [No. of Hits: 1400]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.24

ABSTRACT

The specifi c genetic programs guide the formation and development of the embryonic head. Abnormal orofacial structures are seen as a result of changes in the genetics and environmental factors. The examples seen routinely in dental clinics include orofacial clefts. Therefore, the development of the therapies for orofacial pathological conditions depend very much on thorough and detailed knowledge about the molecular and cellular processes which are involved in the head formation.

Keywords Craniofacial development, genetics, orofacial clefts

Received 27 May 2015;
Accepted: 14 July 2015

29.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Determination of the golden proportion and its implications in the esthetic setting of prosthetic teeth in African melanoderm subjects
Muller Delon Pesson, Dorcas O. Bakou, Eric E. L. Didia, Yacouba N. Konate, Benjamin K. Djeredou, Venuceslas K. Goga
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 1394]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.25

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The golden proportion is the sharing considered as the most harmonious of a size in two unequal parts. Its numerical value is of 1.618. Several authors demonstrated that anterior teeth dimensions of the Caucasians are based on the golden section and suggest that the esthetic assembly of the prosthetic teeth holds account of it. The present study searched for a correlation between anterior teeth dimensions and the golden proportion in the African melanoderm.

Materials and Methods: Our study has been carried out in the School of Dentistry, Cocody-Abidjan Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Cote d’ivoire, Africa.

80 melanoderm Ivoirian subjects old 18-32 years were selected. Measurements were carried out on the anterior teeth and ratios were calculated between various measurements according to those established for the Caucasians. Diff erent relationships of the coronary mesiodistal diameter of the anterior teeth were calculated between themselves. The statistical parameter used is null hypothesis test.

Results: The comparison of our results with the golden value for the Caucasians shows diff erences, not only from 1.618, but it is also inferior.

Conclusion: Compared analysis of the median values obtained with the standard of beauty made it possible to note that there is not a correlation between dimensions of the teeth of the subjects of our study and the golden proportion.

Keywords African melanoderm, bio morphometrics, dental prosthesis, esthetic assembly, golden proportion

Received 06 August 2015;
Accepted 07 September 2015

30.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
The staining potential of different tea products available in the Saudi market: An in vitro study
Bandar Al Abdulwahhab, Maha AlEnezi, Maram AlHati, Jumana AlDulijan, Safiah Babidan
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–5] [No. of Hits: 2411]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.29

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the propensity of different brands of tea available in the Saudi market, to produce staining.

Materials and Methods: A sample of 40 extracted caries free premolars was immersed in seven different red tea brands. Color measurements were obtained before and after staining, according to the CIELAB system, using a colorimeter, and color changes (ΔE) were estimated.

Results: Color changes of stained teeth were found to be significant in ΔE, Δa, and Δb (P < 0.05), compared with the control group, while no significant changes were found in ΔL (P > 0.05). Among the different seven brands of tea in which teeth were placed, maximum change in color was seen with Kaboos tea (ΔE = 3.92), and minimum change was in Abo Jabal tea (ΔE = 1.60).

Conclusion: Red tea significantly affects the color of the teeth, causing external staining. Decreasing the frequency of tea intake and changing the tea brand to a less staining one can be helpful to reduce the color change.

Keywords Color change, colorimeter, staining, tea

How to cite this article: Al Abdulwahhab B, AlEnezi M, AlHati M, AlDulijan J, Babidan S. The staining potential of diff erent tea products available in the Saudi market: An in vitro study. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-5.

Received 20 August 2015;
Accepted 23 September 2015

31.CORRESPONDENCE
Value of platform switching on marginal peri-implant bone loss reduction : A summary review
Adnan Alfahd
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–2] [No. of Hits: 1396]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.30

ABSTRACT

Question: Is there an impact of platform switching (PS) on marginal bone level changes MBL around endosseous implants compared to implants with platform-matching (PM) implant-abutment configurations?

Data Sources: PubMed, Web of Science, Journals at Ovid Full Text and Embase published between 2005 and June 2013. Besides manual search in the peer reviewed Germanlanguage Journal of Oral Implantology (Zeitschrift fur zahnarztliche Implantologie) or Implantologie (for both journals RCTs and PCCS were included).

Study Selection: Articles that published between 2005 and 2013 that reporting comparison of MBL changes at implants with PS or PM implant-abutment configurations as primary outcome were selected from electronic databases with language restriction was for English or German. RCTs with a follow-up period of at least 12 months were included in the meta-analysis.

Data Extraction and Synthesis: Data were extracted by 2 reviewers independently with high agreement between them. A search strategy was conducted using the MeSH and search term combinations, considering the PICO format. The quality assessment of RCTs is performed following the recommendations by Higgins and Green (2011). Th e difference of the assessment results was low, resulting in a Κ score of 0.923 (disagreement in four of 105 fields) between the reviewers. Consent was reached by discussion.

Results: Regarding PCCS the total articles were 7 that were interpretate separately because of lacking of random allocation that revealing 3 studies with no significance between two group whereas 3 studies reveal significance difference between two group preferring PS (less MBL) and one study reveal a remarkable mean MBL in the PM group compared to the PS group.
Whereas searching for RCTS resulting in a total of 13 that are eligible for inclusion into a meta-analysis that comprised a total of 549 patients receiving 1035 implants. Because of significant degree of heterogeneity (I2 = 96.2%) P < 0.0001 the treatment effects were assumed to be not homogeneous among the studies, and a random effects model for combining effects of all studies was applied. Th e meta-analysis result was reveal a significantly less mean MBL change (0.49 mm CI95% [0.38; 0.60]) at PS implants compared to PM implants (1.01 mm (CI95% 0.62; 1.40) [P < 0.0001]) on an implantbased analysis. Funnel-plot calculation showed no asymmetry (P = 0.733), and therefore, no publication bias.

Conclusion: Only two studies with a low risk of bias. All other studies revealed a tendency of a high risk of bias, resulting in an overall unclear and high risk of bias across studies. So, the author recommend for further research to overcome all these previous limitations and for providing more evidence research on the effect of PS on MBL.

Keywords Meta-analysis, peri-implant marginal bone level, platform switching, systematic review

How to cite this article: Alfahd A. Value of platform switching on marginal peri-implant bone loss reduction: A summary review. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-2.

Received 18 August 2015;
Accepted 23 September 2015

32.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effect of bisphosphonates sodium alendronate on shedding of deciduous molars in rabbits (histological and histochemical study)
Afaf N. Aboalrejal, Amal M. El-Motayam, Amira E. Fares, Soheer Y. Saleh
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–8] [No. of Hits: 1426]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.31

ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of bisphosphonate (Bps) (sodium alendronate) on root resorption of deciduous lower molars in a rabbit.

Materials and Methods: This study was carried out using 40 newborns healthy New Zealand white rabbits of average body weight 50-55 g, their nutrition was provided maternally, and a commercial pelleted diet of 16.7% crude protein, 13.7% crude fiber, and 2590 kcal of digestible energy per kg would be added. The animals were classified into two main groups: Group 1 (control group): This group is consisted of 20 rabbits which were subjected to oral dose of 2.5 mg/kg of body wt./day normal saline by using oropharengeal tube. The rabbits were divided into two sub groups: Group 2 (Bps group): This group is consisted of 20 rabbits, which were subjected to daily oral dose of 2.5 mg/kg of body wt./day sodium alendronate using oropharengeal tube were divided into two subgroups: At the end of the experimental period; the mandibles were removed and hemisected. The hemisected mandibles were prepared for light microscope examination using hematoxyline and eosin and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) (special histochemical stain).

Results: (1) Histological results: In control subgroup A, the deciduous molars of all animals have been fully erupted with considerable amounts of roots resorption. In control subgroup B, the deciduous molars of all animals have been completely shed. In Bps group, subgroup A showed delayed eruption of the deciduous molars and some dental abnormalities. In Bps group subgroup B, the deciduous molars still present with some degree of root resorption. Most of the crowns of the underlying pre-molars were formed with developing of their roots. Cementum-like tissue was found between the deciduous molars and erupting pre-molars, (2) Histochemical results: The control subgroup A showed large number of positively stained multinucleated odontoclasts on the resorbed dentin surface of deciduous molars with formation of Howship’s lacunae. The control subgroup B showed negative stain in all layers of the erupting pre-molars (no odontoclasts were seen in this subgroup). The Bps group subgroup A showed negative stain in all layers of the deciduous tooth germs that appeared in the late bell stage. The Bps group subgroup B showed negative stain in all layers of the erupting pre-molars as well as in all layers of the deciduous molars.

Conclusions: Treatment with sodium alendronate (2.5 mg/kg body wt./day) from 1st day of birth resulted in delayed eruption of deciduous molars and some dental abnormalities as enlargements of pre-dentin layer, discontinuity of odontoblastic layer, defective dentin mineralization and appearance of denticle-like structure in the pulp. TRAP histochemical results revealed that the treatment with Bps result in decrease numbers of odontoclasts and osteoclasts as their apoptosis and separation from Howship’s lacunae.

Keywords : Deciduous teeth shedding, rabbit, sodium alendronate and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase stain

How to cite this article: Aboalrejal AN, El-Motayam AM, Fares AE, Saleh SY. Effect of bisphosphonates sodium alendronate on shedding of deciduous molars in rabbits (histological and histochemical study). Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-8.

Received 27 September 2015: Accepted 29 October 2015

33.SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Impact of screw retained versus cement retained implant-supported prosthesis on peri-implantitis:A systematic review and meta-analysis
Adnan Abdullah Naji Al-Fahd, Ail Alsourori, Ahmed Yaseen Al-Qutabi, Mohamed Farouk, Nadia Abbas
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 4538]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.32

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of this study was to test the signifi cant diff erences of the marginal bone loss (MBL) between screw retained versus cemented prosthesis.

Materials and Methods: A comprehensive electronic searching in PubMed and Cochrane databases up to July 2015 with language restriction to English only. We include any randomized controlled trials compare between screw retained versus cemented retained implant prosthesis regarding MBL. In addition, a manual searching was performed for related journals from January 2011 to May 2015. A meta-analysis was performed on all included studies by using a random eff ect model (mean, 95% confidence intervals [CI]) to pool the eff ect size as a heterogeneity among studies was high (P < 0.0001 and I2 = 88%).

Result: Initial screening and manual searching result in 199 articles from which only 4 articles compatible with our inclusion criteria. No statistical signifi cance was found between screw retained and cemented retained prosthesis regarding MBL (confi dence interval CI = 95 and P = 0.26).

Conclusion: No strong evidence to support the diff erence between screw retained and cemented retained implant prosthesis in the amount of MBL as a measure for periimplantitis.

Keywords Cemented retained, implant prosthesis, marginal bone loss, peri-implantitis, screw retained

How to cite this article: Al-Fahd AA, Alsourori A, Al-Qutabi A, Farouk M, Abbas N. Impact of screw retained versus cement retained implant-supported prosthesis on peri-implantitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-6.

Received 21 October 2015;
Accepted 23 November 2015

34.ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation of antimicrobial effectiveness of two endodontic irrigation solutions on the microbial reduction of Enterococcus faecalis in infected root canals (in vitro study)
Murtada Shahadeh, Mohamad Osama Jabban, Zaher Altaki
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–6] [No. of Hits: 3167]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.33

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of a new irrigant solution QMix, in the microbial reduction of Enterococcus faecalis from infected root canals in comparison with sodium hypochlorite 5.25%.

Materials and Methods: 40 extracted mandibular premolars with single root canal have been prepared with rotary protaper instrument until F3 and irrigated with saline, and then they were sterilized by moist heat sterilization at temperatures 121°C for 20 min. After that, they were injected with 50 µ of Enterococcus faecalis suspension in the density , and then the root canals were incubated in a temperature of 37°C for 7 days in of 108 aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Next, the root canals were divided into two groups. Group 1 is irrigated with sodium hypochlorite 5.25%, Group 2 is irrigated with QMix. Each specimen was irrigated for 40 s, and the solution was left inside the canal for 30 s. The bacterial swabs were taken by sterilized paper points in two stages; the first one was after the end of incubation period, and the second one was immediately after the irrigation. Student’s t-test and Chi-square test were used to compare bacterial reduction Log(10) values between the groups.

Results: Sodium hypochlorite was more effective than QMix (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the bacterial reduction Log(10) percent between anaerobically and aerobically incubated roots in sodium hypochlorite 5.25% solution group (P > 0.05), whereas bacterial reduction Log(10) percent in anaerobically incubated roots were lower than those of aerobically incubated roots in Qmix solution group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the percentage of full cleansing in the sodium hypochlorite group was greater than those of Qmix solution group (P < 0.05). However, the percentage of full cleansing in the QMix group was zero.

Conclusions: Sodium hypochlorite 5.25%, had clear ability on the microbial reduction of E. faecalis in comparison with the new irrigant QMix.

Keywords Bacteria, Enterococcus faecalis, irrigation solution, QMix, root canal irrigation, sodium hypochlorite

How to cite this article: Shahadeh M, Jabban MO, Altaki Z. Evaluation of antimicrobial effectiveness of two endodontic irrigation solution on the microbial reduction of Enterococcus faecalis in infected root canals (in vitro study). Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-6.

Received 14 November 2015
Accepted 25 December 2015

35.REVIEW ARTICLE
Non-surgical rapid maxillary expansion in adult patient: Report and review
Thiago Fonseca-Silva, Ângelo Fonseca-Silva, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade, Carolina Carvalho de Oliveira Santos
[Year:2015] [Month:January-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages No:1–3] [No. of Hits: 12275]
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  • DOI : 10.15713/ins.idmjar.35

ABSTRACT

Maxillary transverse deficiency in adults is a malocclusion of relative high prevalence in orthodontics. The rapid maxillary expansion (RME) surgically assisted is considered the preferred procedure to correction of this alteration in patients skeletally mature. Evidences indicate that rapid palatal expansion may be used without surgery in young adults. The purpose of this paper was report a case of the RME without surgery in a 19-year-old female adult. The palatal expansion was accomplished by means of a Hyrax device with post-treatment radiographs revealing an opening of the midpalatal suture.

Keywords Maxillary deficiency, maxillary expansion, orthodontics

How to cite this article: Fonseca-Silva T, Fonseca-Silva A, Vieira-Andrade RG, de Oliveira Santos CC. Non-surgical rapid maxillary expansion in adult patient: Report and review. Int Dent Med J Adv Res 2015;1:1-3.

Received 23 November 2015;
Accepted 28 December 2015